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bearberry scientific name

Common name of bearberry cotoneaster is in reference to the fact that bears will feed on the berries in winter in parts of the U.S. ‘Coral Beauty’ is a cultivar which is primarily distinguished from species plants by having: (1) more compact habit; (2) leaves a bit shinier; and (3) … In English:kinnikinnick, mealberry, sandberry (many others, including: mountain-box, universe-vine, rapper-dandies, fox-plum, hog-crawberry, barren myrtle) The leaves of the plant are used in herbal medicine. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. A procumbent shrub 10-30 cm high. Flesh colors Folk tales suggest Marco Polo thought the Chinese were using it as a diuretic. [2][6], "Chromatographic separation of tannin fractions from a bearberry leaf (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi&oldid=993793058, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, in North America from arctic Alaska, Canada and, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 14:56. [2][3][4] It is one of several related species referred to as bearberry.[2][5]. [6], Terminal clusters of small urn-shaped flowers bloom from May to June. The bearberry is a low-lying dwarf shrub, often forming dense mats, with leathery, glossy, small leaves. Bearberry appears to be relatively safe, although large doses may cause nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, back pain and tinnitus. [7] Cautions for use apply during pregnancy, breast feeding, or in people with kidney disease.[6][8]. Lingonberry’s stems are erect: bearberry is limply creeping and only the … Bearberry, Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva ursi) (Linne), which takes its name from the fact that its berries are eaten by bears and other animals, is a low evergreen shrub common to the Northern countries of Europe and America . The leathery dark green leaves are an inch long and have rounded tips tapering back to the base. Bearberry was first documented in The Physicians of Myddfai, a 13th-century Welsh herbal. Great for groundcover. [10], Pegg, Ronald B.; Rybarczyk, Anna and Amarowicz, Ryszard (2008), Nordeng H. and Havnen, G.C. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. What is Bearberry? Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, known by a large number of common names including common bearberry and kinninnick, is an extremely winter hardy, creeping, slow-growing, prostrate, woody evergreen shrub that typically grows to 6-12” tall but spreads over time by flexible branching (roots at … Bearberries (indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. [6] The specific epithet, uva-ursi, comes from the Latin words uva (meaning grape) and ursus (bear), reflected by the bearberry nickname. Often called uva-ursi, from the Latin uva, "grape, berry of the vine", ursi, "bear", i.e. Each leaf is held by a twisted leaf stalk, vertically. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class [8], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. Bearberries (indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. Humans can eat it too, but it's more commonly used in traditional herbal medicine for bladder problems, urinary tract infections, and itchy scalps. [4], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. ries. [4] Native Americans use bearberry leaves with tobacco and other herbs in religious ceremonies, both as a smudge (type of incense) or smoked in a sacred pipe carrying the smoker's prayers to the Great Spirit. Wild stands of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi can be dense, with heights rarely taller than 6 inches. Bearberry leaves are used in traditional medicine in parts of Europe, and are officially classified as a phytomedicine. [17] The fruits can be used to make jelly. The trailing stems will layer, sending out small roots periodically. Common name: Bearberry, Foxberry, and Kinnikinic Genus: Arctostaphylos Species: uva-ursi Parts used: Bearberry is a low growing evergreen. Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Alternate Name(s): kinnikinnick Distribution: widespread across North America from Alaska south to California, Arizona, and New Mexico, east throughout Canada to the Dakotas, the Great Lake states, and New England states, and the Carolinas [2] The smooth, glossy skinned fruits range from 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 inch (6 to 13 mm) in diameter. Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe. Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe. Fruits are edible for humans, but are generally considered to be unpalatable. [3] It is an attractive year-round evergreen groundcover for gardens, and is useful for controlling erosion on hillsides and slopes due to its deep roots. Bearberry is a low growing, evergreen shrub/ground cover species that grows about 20 cm tall. The efficacy and safety of bearberry treatment in humans remain unproven,[7] as no clinical trials exist to interpret effects on any disease. Bearberry’s scientific name is from ancient Greek and loosely means ‘stout-stemmed bear grapes’. [14] In herbalism, leaf tea is used to treat urinary tract inflammation. The name of this herb means " bear-grape " in Latin, referring to the fact it is loved by bears, which is also reflected in the alternative name " bearberry." Uva ursi is native to Europe and is widely distributed in the arctic. [6][7], The common name, kinnikinnick, is an Algonquin word meaning "smoking mixture". [6] Each drupe contains 1 to 5 hard seeds, which need to be scarified and stratified prior to germination to reduce the seed coat and break embryo dormancy. In vitro research supports its use as a urinary antiseptic. [6] They are alternately arranged on the stems. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere. [6] [4] It is a fire-tolerant species and may be a seedbanking species. Description As a low growing, drought tolerant evergreen groundcover, kinnikinnick or bear-berry as it is commonly referred to, is planted for its crisp foliage, white flowers, and red fall fruit. Its specific name uva-ursi means "grape of the bear" in Latin (ūva ursī), similar to the meaning of the generic epithet Arctostaphylos ("bear grapes"). Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi) plant medicinal uses. The fruit, also called bearberries, are edible and sometimes gathered for food. Morphology: Evergreen ground cover, 6-12+ inches tall, branches root where they touch the soil, mat-forming. Description. When mixed with tobacco or other herbs, it is referred to as kinnikinnick, from an Algonquian (probably Delaware) word for "mixture". The genus name of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi comes from the Greek words arctos (meaning bear) and staphyle (meaning "bunch of grapes") in reference to the fruits which form grape-like clusters. The distribution of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is circumpolar, and it is widespread in northern latitudes,[2][8][4] but confined to high altitudes further south: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a small procumbent woody groundcover shrub 5–30 cm (2–12 in) high. [9], The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and stiff. [4], The berries ripen late in the year, and can be eaten raw. (2005) "Impact of socio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitude on the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy", "Inhibition of proliferation of human carcinoma cell lines by phenolic compounds from a bearberry-leaf crude extract and its fractions", "Chromatographic Separation of Tannin Fractions from a Bearberry-leaf (Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi L. Sprengel) Extract by Se-hplc – a Short Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bearberry&oldid=978469836, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 03:31. It can be be found in Europe from the Iberian Peninsula over the whole of central Europe to Scandinavia. Scientific names: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arctostaphylos coactylis, Arctostaphylos adenotricha Other common names: Arctostaphylos, bear’s grape, crowberry, foxberry, hogberry, kinnikinnick, manzanita, mountain box, rockberry, uva-ursi The common bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L. Sprengel) is a ubiquitous procumbent evergreen shrub located throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. Meet Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, also known as common bearberry or, to the Aboriginals, as kinickinick (sometimes spelled “kinnikinnick”). [6] It is tolerant of sun and dry soils, and is thus common groundcover in urban areas, in naturalized areas, and in native plant or rock gardens. Arctous alpinus (L.) Niedenzu). In scientific classification of Bearberry, Family is a main factor. Erect branching twigs emerge from long flexible prostrate stems, which are produced by single roots. [1] Furthermore, one can see from the images that they have a round shape to them as well. Additional Bearberry Facts: Bearberry is quite astringent, but it's a favorite of bears, which is where it gets its name. The flowers are white to pink,[9] and bear round, fleshy or mealy, bright red to pink fruits called drupes. It has a stem that rises 2-8" off the ground and is covered in a thick bark and fine silky hairs. This attractive and hardy plant is widespread in Canada, found in all provinces and territories and at various elevations, from sea level to sub-alpine. [11] The berries were used as seasoning and cooked with meat. [14] Preliminary studies indicate that arbutin may be toxic when ingested in high doses. [11], Dried bearberry leaves are the main component in many traditional North American Native smoking mixes,[3][19] known collectively as "kinnikinnick" (Algonquin for "smoking mixture") used especially among western First Nations, often including other herbs and sometimes tobacco. Bearberry Scientific name. It has spread east to Siberia, the Altai and the Himalayas. [3][6][14], Teas and extracts of the leaves have been used in traditional medicine of First Nations people over centuries as urinary tract antiseptics, diuretics, and laxatives. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. [18], Native Americans used the plant to make yellow dye. The Pawnee name for the whole plant is nakasis, meaning "little tree." Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere. Uva-ursi is another name of the plant with the same meaning (bear's grape in Latin language). Bearberry family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. [14], There are several cultivars that are propagated for use as ornamental plants. * FREE SHIPPING on any additional products from our store !!! In spring, they have white or pink flowers.[2]. Bearberries can be used in human diet for the preparation of jellies, jams and sauces. [6] Numerous common names exist, depending on region, such as mealberry, sandberry, mountain-box, fox-plum, hog-crawberry, and barren myrtle.[3]. ... Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. [3] The fruit are edible and are sometimes gathered as food for humans. The latter part of its scientific name “ursi” refers to the Brown bear (Ursus arctos) whose summer and early autumn diet features bearberries. Bearberry is a trailing evergreen shrub with dark green leaves, small white to pink flowers and red berries. [2], Bears and other animals eat the berries. [2][3][6] In the wild, the fruits are commonly eaten by bears. For these uses, bearberry is taken as a … 4 (For a description of the smoking mixtures described in the journals, see Smoking Mixtures.) any of several prostrate shrubs belonging to the genus Arctostaphylos, of the heath family, especially A. uva-ursi, having tonic, astringent leaves and bright-red berries. [9] New stems can be red if the plant is in full sun, but are green in shadier areas. Loosely means ‘ stout-stemmed bear grapes ’ may cause adverse effects in people with liver or kidney disease, pregnant. Name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide uva-ursi also. 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